Textile Manufacturing Process for Textile Mills: Dyeing, Fabric Printing and Garment Finishing

Textile dyeing, printing and finishing are the main stages in fabric production that focus on the colour, shade and its final appearance. While spinning and weaving are the early stages of production that provide quality fabrication, dyeing, printing and finishing stand as the prior stage to the garment manufacturing process. Although, these three steps add the key value to a piece of fabric since the colour which is mainly a reflecting light through fabric gives a whole other unique impression to it.

Textile Manufacturing Process for Textile Mills

Therefore, let’s understand how these key processes are crucial to refining the final product and increase its value in the market.

· Dyeing Process

Dyeing is a process where the fabric is immersed into an aqueous dyebath to give it the desired color as per the specific procedure. There are many chemicals like vasts and reatives are used in the process that skips the after parts of dyeing such as washing, rubbing and exposure to light. However, to utilise such chemical components, there are several complex ingredients involved that highly expensive in the market. Therefore, you will find fabric and garment manufacturers in India that provide expensive garments due to the usage of such complex chemicals for dyeing.

Dyes add a longlasting and significant color to the garments. These are available in several kinds namely chemical dyeing, dip dyeing, natural dyeing, industrial dyeing, resist dyeing and more. Natural dyes are derived from natural colors extracted from plants, animals and minerals. To color the fabric in an environment-friendly manner, natural dyes are the perfect choice. This is why traditional and handwoven garments and fabrics like khadi promise quality and stand for environmental friendliness due to the usage of natural dyes.

· Printing Process

Printing process involves adding more colors to the dyed fabric or yarn to create designs and patterns. Usually prints are embossed on the surface of the fabric after the dyeing process is complete and ready for the next process execution. The textile processing industry in India used a wide range of techniques, tools, equipment and innovative machines. This is why India is a country with plenty of diversity, even in its fabric designs and prints.

A typical textile printing technique involves complementing different types of fabrics with trending or authentic patterns and designs. As compared to dyes, pigments are insoluble and they are unlikely affinite for fibres. They require resin and solvents to bind them to the fabric. There are several methods under printing called as digital prints, block prints, discharge prints, screen prints, direct prints, heat-transfer prints and many others.

· Finishing Process

When obtained from the knitting or weaving machine, finishing is the process to refine the fabric’s appearance so that a quality product is manufactured and ready to supply. It is the last step that concludes the functioning a textile.

The finishing process consists of treatment steps such as bleaching, scouring, dyeing, etc. With finishing the textile is refined to create a quality fabric that enhances the characteristics of the fabric such as its appearance, colour, design and print. Since the step is crucial in the commercial aspects of the textile sector, they must match the requirements of everytechnical textiles requirements in India. However, the market requirements are constantly changing. To stay up-to-date with the market requirements it is necessary that fabric and garment manufacturers in India adopt to these differing and upcoming trends.

Impact of COVID 19 on Indian Textile Industry

Indian textile is one of the most established industries in the country. India exported textile and clothing at nearly US$ 38.70 billion in the FY 2019 and is estimated to reach a US$ 82 billion target by FY 2021.

Overview

The textile industry of India is divided into many sectors; mostly based on two main categories known as hand-spun and hand-woven material areas. This material business is further linked to agribusiness as well as India’s antiquated cultural production segments. This makes the nation suitable to meet the market needs on the local and the global levels both. Also, the country is the largest producer of cotton followed by jute; increasing the export value for such fabric materials and clothing.

Market Size

There are 1200 textile mills operating in India from small to mid-sized and large that have 34 million cotton textile spindles. The cotton yarns that are produced from them contribute to 70% of Indian export. On the contrary China has 40 million spindles for cotton production. Dyeing, finishing and textile processing industry in India is being taken care of by small sized units under the knitting industry on a domestic scale. The coarser yarn production spindles are again below 40 as compared to China despite the export rate of technical textiles and others from India being at 80%. This entire scenario in the market size calls for a technological upgrade in India to race up in the global export market.

The COVID-19 Impact

Several Garment factories in China were ceased due to the coronavirus pandemic. This halted the export of yarns, fabrics and other clothing industry material from India to China and other countries. This is believed to slow down the cotton yarn exports by 50%; adversely affecting the spinning mills in India.

The lockdown massively affected the running of the textile fabric manufacturers in India. Several textile products that were pre-manufactured could not be serviced further due to lockdown. As a result, the financial interest of the production units began to decline; impacting the farmers badly who were already observing a lowered price. In addition to that, the prices were believed to decline further following the crisis.

Unlock India: Unwinding the Rope to Newer Opportunities

Unlocking India from lockdown was a sigh of relief. Despite the sector facing a workforce crisis at the beginning of unlocking India with a supply chain broken, high financial support and lowered confidence of workers, industry began to function. As different areas began to reopen, workers began to return to their workplace cities to offer extensive help in order to boost the textile business.

Also, the growing numbers of coronavirus led to a higher demand for PPE kit, masks, disposable bed sheets, disposable towels and many other hygiene related technical fabrics. Not just for frontline doctors, workers and other staff in the point of care committee but also police, airport authorities required them in great numbers worldwide. This opened up the export market for technical textiles manufacturers in India for such products. Infact, the country now holds a second place in the manufacturing of PPE kits in association with 600+ certified manufacturing companies.

Government Scheme: Backing up the Textile Economy

The Central government of India has designed many schemes supporting the small scale textile manufacturing companies in India that can improve the economy. By allowing 100% FDI of automatic route in this sector can increase the chances of around US$ 140 billion investments from several countries. To back the vision of growth and development, the government also announced upgrading and modernizing 21 ready-made garment manufacturing units across 7 states.

Reference:

https://www.televisory.com/blogs/-/blogs/overview-of-textiles-industry-in-india-and-impact-of-covid-19#:~:text=The%20widespread%20impact%20of%20the,data%20released%20by%20the%20Ministry
https://www.financialexpress.com/lifestyle/world-textile-day-on-october-24-effects-of-covid-19-on-indian-textile-industry/2112550/

School Uniform Supplier in India- What are Good Reasons for Wearing School Uniforms

The term uniform means something that is invariable and equivalent. Right from school days, children are taught about the discipline and importance of equality. Wearing a uniform signifies this idea. And, that’s not it, there are many other good reasons that learning children must know about school uniforms.

So, if your child is complaining about wearing the same set of uniforms every week, here is a list of good reasons you can tell them about it –

  1. Building the same spirit

Students are engaged with each other in school when they see the other wear the same set of clothes. Seeing everyone wear the exact type of clothing encourages a sense of unity in them. This builds the same spirit of being a commoner as a whole.

  1. Improving Focus

A learning centre is a place to boost and develop minds based on their own excellence. Fashion is not a required necessity in this scenario, in fact a fashion element can create distraction and chaos amongst young learning minds. Uniforms enable simplicity and help maintain focus in the school environment.

  1. Reducing chances of bullies

As children from different societies, upbringing or culture enter a single premise to learn, the impact of school uniforms reduces chances of bullies. When everyone is wearing the same set of clothes with no superiority in color or cloth type, there are low chances of kids making fun of someone because of their clothes.

  1. It is cost saving

Buying uniforms in a pair or two for the entire academic year saves a lot of money. As they should be durable enough to be worn everyday, with repeated washing, they are quite affordable for parents as well. You can find several school uniform suppliers in India that provide durable quality uniform that is not just long-lasting but also saves your extra cost.

  1. Develops discipline

Often school students are given badges or scarves, suitable and considered as a part of their uniform to patrol and manage other classes. This helps them develop and maintain discipline not just for themselves but also for those whom they are patrolling on a daily basis.

  1. Uniform and Comfortable

Having the same set of uniforms that are stitched according to a particular size, pattern and length helps students have a better sense of dressing. This is why garment manufacturers in India that design uniforms ensure that they aren’t too short or fashionable for school children. Also, the design helps every student dress the same way and be comfortable with it whether it is a learning environment or play.

  1. Encourages professionalism

Students from their early grades/classes are taught why a clean-washed, well-ironed uniform is necessary. Well-braided hair using ribbons, wearing clean socks and a polished pair of shoes are some of the other few elements that complements their daily appearance as a student. They become habituated to this sense of poise and it helps them carry themselves with confidence when they enter a professional life. This is why it is important to wear a school uniform to encourage professionalism.

  1. Suited as per seasons and trends

While being durable clothing that builds confidence, uniforms also offer children the comfort during seasonal change or trends. For example, Therefore, many textiles processing industry in India that manufactures school uniforms also support the idea of designing sweaters and track suits for children. Many schools have begun to adopt this idea so as to help children cope up with winter or be comfortable during a sport event. This keeps the idea of uniformity and same spirit intact even for different weather or events.