The Advantages of Using Teflon Coated Fabrics

Several industry workers, laborers and peasants are provided with yellow or orange protective gears to wear on-site at work. These industrial clothing and safety gears have come into the picture only in the recent years. These outfits protect the industry workers from everyday as well as environmental hazards. These industrial clothing are teflon coated. The scientific name of teflon is Polytetrafluoroethylene.

Teflon is the trade name that is used in commercial terms and it was discovered accidentally in the laboratory by Dr. Plunkett later. Teflon was advertised and marketed for its multifarious uses such as, its resistance quality to high temperatures, poor conductor of electricity, unbreakable, self-lubricating, and non-toxic. Fabric and garment manufacturers in India are now making use of this technology to manufacture industrial gear.

The Advantages of Using Teflon Coated Fabrics

What is Teflon coated fabric?

  • Teflon coated fabrics are the materials treated with this teflon fabric protector and repel oil and water.
  • Polytetrafluoroethylene, most commonly known as Non-Stick Teflon, is a type of polymer which is primarily composed of fluorine and carbon. These are the primary ingredients that are a part of teflon coating.
  • This particular coating successfully resists and protects textile from stains, unpredictable spills, and splashes.

The advantages of Using Teflon Coated Fabrics

Teflon coating is used in products manufactured in industries such as electronics, cookware, medical, surgical and automotive industries. Teflon has huge scope in the food and beverage industry because of its preservative properties. Further, there are different teflon coated fabric manufacturers in India that offer high quality teflon fabrics and textile to other industry verticals.

Listed below are the advantages of teflon coated fabrics:

  • Immune to UV degradation – Teflon coated fabrics are found to be immune to UV degradation. Hence material deterioration is prevented, giving it a long-lasting life.
  • Worker safety – Factories and manufacturing units make use of chemicals that can cause spillage or where even heavy equipment need to be used on a daily basis. Teflon coated fabrics used in worker uniforms prevents workers from getting injuries. Teflon coating is also used in making industrial aprons, reflective jackets, industrial and coverall boiler suits.
  • Protection from chemical contact – Certain industries cause daily exposure of chemicals to their workers. Safety gear or teflon coated fabrics protects workers from hazardous impact of chemicals on the workers’ everyday wellbeing. Textile fabric manufacturers in India are focusing on using teflon as a material for making worker uniforms.
  • Rich properties – Teflon coated fabric or Poly–tetra-fluoro-ethylene (PTFE) coated fabric if used in industrial clothing guarantees protection from various elements. Because teflon has rich properties such as, water resistant, non-flammable, resistant to atmospheric conditions, and resistant to all chemicals.
  • Protective curtains – Teflon coated fabric material is also used in making protective curtains for chemical processing plants for limiting splashing of liquids and gaseous flames that could be hazardous.
  • Easy to dry – Teflon coated fabrics get dried extremely fast.
  • Requires less washing – They require a lesser number of washing as compared to other fabrics.

Therefore, the usage of teflon coating in fabrics and uniforms not only ensures worker safety but also goes a long way in improving their productivity.

Impact of COVID 19 on Indian Textile Industry

Indian textile is one of the most established industries in the country. India exported textile and clothing at nearly US$ 38.70 billion in the FY 2019 and is estimated to reach a US$ 82 billion target by FY 2021.

Overview

The textile industry of India is divided into many sectors; mostly based on two main categories known as hand-spun and hand-woven material areas. This material business is further linked to agribusiness as well as India’s antiquated cultural production segments. This makes the nation suitable to meet the market needs on the local and the global levels both. Also, the country is the largest producer of cotton followed by jute; increasing the export value for such fabric materials and clothing.

Market Size

There are 1200 textile mills operating in India from small to mid-sized and large that have 34 million cotton textile spindles. The cotton yarns that are produced from them contribute to 70% of Indian export. On the contrary China has 40 million spindles for cotton production. Dyeing, finishing and textile processing industry in India is being taken care of by small sized units under the knitting industry on a domestic scale. The coarser yarn production spindles are again below 40 as compared to China despite the export rate of technical textiles and others from India being at 80%. This entire scenario in the market size calls for a technological upgrade in India to race up in the global export market.

The COVID-19 Impact

Several Garment factories in China were ceased due to the coronavirus pandemic. This halted the export of yarns, fabrics and other clothing industry material from India to China and other countries. This is believed to slow down the cotton yarn exports by 50%; adversely affecting the spinning mills in India.

The lockdown massively affected the running of the textile fabric manufacturers in India. Several textile products that were pre-manufactured could not be serviced further due to lockdown. As a result, the financial interest of the production units began to decline; impacting the farmers badly who were already observing a lowered price. In addition to that, the prices were believed to decline further following the crisis.

Unlock India: Unwinding the Rope to Newer Opportunities

Unlocking India from lockdown was a sigh of relief. Despite the sector facing a workforce crisis at the beginning of unlocking India with a supply chain broken, high financial support and lowered confidence of workers, industry began to function. As different areas began to reopen, workers began to return to their workplace cities to offer extensive help in order to boost the textile business.

Also, the growing numbers of coronavirus led to a higher demand for PPE kit, masks, disposable bed sheets, disposable towels and many other hygiene related technical fabrics. Not just for frontline doctors, workers and other staff in the point of care committee but also police, airport authorities required them in great numbers worldwide. This opened up the export market for technical textiles manufacturers in India for such products. Infact, the country now holds a second place in the manufacturing of PPE kits in association with 600+ certified manufacturing companies.

Government Scheme: Backing up the Textile Economy

The Central government of India has designed many schemes supporting the small scale textile manufacturing companies in India that can improve the economy. By allowing 100% FDI of automatic route in this sector can increase the chances of around US$ 140 billion investments from several countries. To back the vision of growth and development, the government also announced upgrading and modernizing 21 ready-made garment manufacturing units across 7 states.

Reference:

https://www.televisory.com/blogs/-/blogs/overview-of-textiles-industry-in-india-and-impact-of-covid-19#:~:text=The%20widespread%20impact%20of%20the,data%20released%20by%20the%20Ministry
https://www.financialexpress.com/lifestyle/world-textile-day-on-october-24-effects-of-covid-19-on-indian-textile-industry/2112550/

Scope of Technical Textiles in India

The Indian textile industries are well known world-wide due to the diverse range of culture and traditions the country has. Right from hand-woven segments to industrialized textile manufacturing, designing and more, the country is known for its derivation designs in textile. As on the global level, India is the largest producer of cotton and jute and the second largest producer of silk.

Scope of Technical Textiles in India

Being into textile production for over 4000 years now, there has been a significant scope for growth in the technical textile segment of India as well. However, in the country the market for technical textile has been incentivized from imports. But, soon after the country began to witness a growing awareness about superior utilization of these, the government planned to support domestic & develop the export markets developments of such textiles. This enabled the announcement for the National Technical Textile Mission in 2010 that aimed at assisting startup manufacturing firms and research centres in this field.

Over the span of 10 years, the field began to see growing demands in this area. India imports technical textiles worth $16 billions every year. To substitute these numbers, the government continued the National Technical Textile Mission for four years 2020-2021 to 2023-2024 outlying 1480 crore Rs. This would utilize the growing demands in the domestic market & counterpole the elevating import trends.

The former head of the Confederation of Indian Textile Industry stated that this mission will scale manufacturing and substitute imports to a great extent in the country. This holds great scope for textile fabric manufacturers in India for the coming years.

In the meanwhile, to support the mission, the government has also abolished anti-dumping duty on PTA, which is a chemical substance that is crucial for yarns and textile fibres. This is because it can be useful to draw newer areas for the textile sector that demands & generates employment for several groups of individuals in the society. This will also lead to an increasing number of textile process houses in several regions of the country.

Technical textiles are basically produced for functional uses and have a wide scope of applications in various sectors. Some of these are sports, agriculture, healthcare, defence, routine life to name a few.

Technical textiles are narrowed down to the following 12 types –

  • Agrotex

Netted type of fabrics used for varied purposes like anti-hail, bird protection nets, fishing nets, crop covers, share nets etc.

  • Buildtex

Awnings, canopies, floor & wall coverings, cotton canvas tarpaulins, architectural membranes, hoardings, signages, scaffolding nets are few that fall under this type.

  • Cloth Tex

Garments, elastic tapes, umbrella cloth, shoe laces, zip fasteners, etc. are a part of this sub-segment.

  • Geotex

Geo Components, geogrids and geonets are the basic examples of geotex.

  • HomeTex

Stuff toys, blinds, carpet backing cloth, pillow & mattress components, etc. fall under such types.

  • Indutex

Computer printed ribbon, blotting cloth, filter cloths or filtration products, conveyor belts, drive belts, etc. are a few Indutex

  • Meditex

Contact lenses, sanitary pads or diapers, artificial implants, surgical gowns etc. that often have medical usages are stated as meditex.

  • Mobiltex

Airline disposables, airbags, nylon type cords, etc. are a few mobitex types.

  • Oekotex

Waste disposables, environmental protection fabrics, recyclables, etc. fall under this type.

  • Packtex

Wrapping fabrics, jute sacks, polyolefin woven sacks, FIBC etc. are a few packtex examples.

  • Protex

Industrial gloves, bullet proof jackets, fire retardant fabrics, chemical protection clothing, high visibility clothing, etc. fall under protex.

  • Sportex

Swimwear, tents, parachute fabrics, etc. are listed in this sub-segment.

As the segment covers a wide range of industries, it can benefits the nation in a more proactive way such as below:

  • Enhance productivity in agricultural, aquaculture and horticulture fields
  • Useful in offering security and protection to armed forces
  • Provide high tensile components for transportation
  • Improve hygiene in the medical & healthcare space